Brazil’s main tourist destination, Rio de Janeiro is synonym of beauty. Blessed by nature, surrounded by mountains, Rio is an icon. The Corcovado, the Sugar Loaf, the statute of Christ the Redeemer, Copacabana and Ipanema are in the hearts of the world, as is bossa nova.

With 6.2 million people, a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.842 and average temperature of 23 degrees Celsius, Rio has 28 thousand rooms to offer through its hotel network, as well as several attractions for visitors. Former capital of the country, Rio wants the big sport events it will host until 2016 to be the path that makes its natural shine become even more intense.

The city grew around Guanabara Bay, discovered by Gaspar de Lemos in the first years of the colonisation period. It was a French and Portuguese colony and in 1808 it became the centre of the Portuguese Empire, weakened by the Napoleonic Wars in Europe. At the time, the city had already been the capital of the colony since 1763 and was the capital of Brazil until 1960, when the Federal District was transferred to Brasilia.

Object of songs and poetry because of its beauty, the city's coastline is 197 km long, with a hundred islands and Atlantic tropical climate, making it a privileged tourist destination. This scenario and its daily life have inspired composers like Noel Rosa and Ary Barroso, Cartola and Ataulfo Alves, Tom Jobim and Vinícius de Moraes.

Photo: Embratur#

Main tourist attractions

Corcovado Mountain
Christ the Redeemer, the city’s biggest symbol – recently chosen as one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World -, is 710 metres above sea level.
Address: Rua Cosme Velho, 513, Cosme Velho

Sugar Loaf
The cable car takes tourists up to the top of the Sugar Loaf Mountain, where one may gaze upon Ganabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro's seafront and geographical landmarks such as the Gavea
Rock and the Dois Irmãos and Corcovado Mountains.
Address: Avenida Pasteur, 520, Urca

Botanical Garden
Founded in 1808 by John VI, the garden brings together 8 thousand flower and plant species from Brazil and the world. There are imperial palm trees from when the garden was opened.
Address: Rua Jardim Botânico, 1008 - Jardim Botânico

The Lapa Arches, which stand 64 metres tall and 270 metres long, were part of a water pipe built in 1750. In addition to the beautiful architecture, since 1896 it has been used as an overpass for the Santa Teresa tram.
Address: Travessa Mosqueira, 13 - Centro

Fact sheet

Population: 6,323,037 people
Area: 1,200,279 km²
Area code: 21
Voltage: 110 V
Climate: tropical and high altitude tropical
Vegetation: Atlantic Forest
Climate: Tropical semi-humid climate, with plenty of rain in the very hot summer and dry winters, with mild temperatures. Average temperature between 22 C and 24 C

For further information

Rio Government
+ 55 (21) 2334-3534 / 2333-0866

TurisRio (Rio de Janeiro State Tourism Board)
(21) 2334-6153 / (21) 2334-6158

Riotur (Rio de Janeiro Municipal Tourism Board)
+ 55 (21) 2271-7000

Special Tourism Police Station
(21) 2332-2924

Tourist Information Office

Open Media Centre – Rio de Janeiro

Address: Forte de Copacabana - Praça Coronel Eugênio Franco
9 June - 14 July, from 10:00 to 22:00